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Sometimes you have to take a break. Even if my head is full of the Masters in Open and Distance Education, my current MBA module ‘Creativity, Innovation and Change’, I find that between them, the dog and the camera, I can escape for a moment.
QQ. What does it take to flourish in a team?
ANS: A bridge.
In this case a bridge with some flexibility. This is a swing bridge over the River Ouse, East Sussex, at Southease.
Flourishing in teams
West M,A., Sacramento, C.A, In ‘Creative Management and Development. Henry, J (2011) pp25-44
Or ‘how to develop team innovative teams’
New ways of doing things.
SEE FULL QUOTE (West and Farr, 1990)
Initial creativity leads to innovation.
Innovation is dependent on: (Oldham and Cummings 1980)
- Team task
- Group composition
- Organisational context
- Team processes
- Skill variety
- Challenge Task identity
Task feedback & Autonomy (Hackman and Oldman, 1980)
Innovative people are:
- Creative Implementors
- Think in novel ways
- Think globally (they see the wood for the trees)
- Intellectual and see things in different ways
- Analytic abilities
- Practical contextual abilities to persuade others
- And show openness (Barrick et al., 1998) + they have confidence in their abilities.
- High degree of drive and motivation
- Concerned with achieving excellence
(Mumford and Gustafson, 1998)
Innovative people have a high need for freedom, control and discretion in the workplace and appear to find bureaucratic limitations or the exercise of control by managers frustrating. (Barron and Harrington, 1981; West, 1987; West and Rushton, 1989)
- Ensure the team task is intrinsically motivating.
- Ensure a high level of extrinsic demands as the task develops, so hands off to start but pressure mounting towards the end.
- Select a team of innovative people.
- Select people with diverse skills and backgrounds.
- Provide organisational rewards for innovation.
- Create a learning and development climate in the organisation.
- Develop a climate for innovation in the organisation.
- Establish team norms for innovation.
- Encourage reflexivity in teams.
- Ensure there is clarity of leadership in the team and that the leadership style is appropriate for encouraging innovation.
- Manage conflict constructively and encourage minorities to dissent within teams.
- Don’t just bond – bridge!
The ‘whole’ task, its entirety.
Brainstorm away from the everyday
Later pressures help.
Fully integrated team working
Barrack, M,R; Stewart, G,L; Neubert,M,J; Mount,M,K (1998) relating member ability and personality to work-team processes and team effectiveness. journal of applied psychology 83 , 377-91
Hackman, J, R and Oldman G,R (1980) Work Redesign. Reading, MA. Mumford M,D and Gustafson, S,B (1998) Creativity Syndrome: Integration, application and innovation. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 27-43
Oldman, G, R and Cummings, A (1996) Employee Creativity: personal and contextual factors at work. academy of management journal, 39 (3), 607-34
West, M.A (1987) Role Innovation in the World of Work. British Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 305-15.
West, M,A and Farr, J,L (1990) Innovation at work. In M.A.West and J.L.Farr (eds) innovation and creativity at work: Psychological and Organisational Strategies, Chichester, England.
West, M.A and Rushton, R. (1989) Mismatches in work role transitions. journal of occupational Psychology, 62 271-86
On reading, taking notes and managing your feelings i.e how to study
There are notes, nothing more, which makes me wonder why I share them with the world. In this instance I am sharing notes on ‘hot to study.’ (I liked the typo so left it in.’
This 1990 OU’s guide came into my possession by the most circuitous of routes. My father-in-law, a long retired Oxford Don, sent it to his 12 year old grand-daughter on seeing her end of term report 😦
Problem is, not that she has read the book at all, if it appealed in any way then she might shun what her immediate future offers: GCSEs then A’ Levels which requires a lot of learning, but not a great deal of thinking. (Or does it?)
Here are some notes for Chapter Two ‘Reading and Note Taking’
In relation to 900 words or so we were asked to read as an activity:
This takes, we are advised to:
* Skim read – 9 minutes
* Read – 15 minutes
* Read with care (and taking notes) – 27 minutes.
I read it in 3 mins.
Did I speed read? Did I take anything in?
I managed to make notes afterwards, indeed having been asked to answer some questions even more information came to mind. Perhaps this is how I should do it … perhaps the important stuff is more likely to come to mind if I give it some thought rather than note taking at the same time. I may not have a photographic memory … do I skate over things? Would it help if I slowed it down? I’d have to read more strategically though, to trust the choices made for me.
An OU IDEA ‘Concept Cards’
To jot down concepts and ideas that you DON’T understand so that you can look them up at later, i.e. don’t only makes notes on the things that make sense.
Historically (last decade) I’ve used FileMaker Pro.
Whatever its short coming I am using the OU e-portfolio, expecting to be able to transfer/migrate the 500 pages of contents over to an off-the-shelf e-portfolio or anything new the OU comes up with in due course.
Taking the hint that notes should be taken of ideas of interest, and value, rather than taking notes on everything I picked out this:
Creating interest where there is none – when your enthusiasm for a topic wanes think how others think who have found something if interest.
Like a child, too often if a topic or activities doesn’t appeal I make excuses and do something else, rather than finding a way to engage.
Questions make reading interesting.
You need to read with a couple of questions in the back of your mind so that you engage with the information.
My questions on the OU 1990 Study Guide?
* What’s changed in 20 years?
* How much is just the same?
* How can I apply this in relation to e-learning in 2010?
* What advice would others find useful that may be second nature to me? (That I take for granted).
I liken my approach to studying to the way I wandered across the South Downs for five hours yesterday.
I hadn’t even been sure if I’d walk a stretch of the South Downs Way from Newhaven when I dropped the car off for a service, but I had walking boots on and waterproofs in a rucksack. I had no map, but have walked half the route out of Newhaven towards Lewes, and half the route out of Lewes South. Having followed the River Ouse to Southease I then followed signs for the South Downs Way which took me way off any direct track to Lewes in a couple of huge loops. The mile along the road from Southease to Rodmell would have saved a three mile deviation up onto the Downs. But did I want to risk either the dog or me being run over?
I have a tendency to follow my nose (like the dog, her nose took her into a fresh cow pat). She rolled in it.
My reading takes me through a series of cascades as I pick first one reference to chase, then another in this article or essay and so on. Its as if, despite being given the road map through a Maize Maze I insist on looking down every avenue myself, so that I can find out for myself.
If I study in exactly the same way as my fellow students, reading strategically, only reading the course references as there isn’t apparently time to do much more … won’t we all come out the same? A goal for my studying is to have my own perspective eventually, not to project the opinions of another.
Elaborately Cautious Language
’In every day life we cheerfully use language as a blunt instrument for cudgelling our way through the cut and thrust of events around us. However, in academic writing language is meant to be used more like a scalpel, cutting precisely between closely related arguments, so that they can be prized apart and analysed in detail.’ Northridge (1990:29)
An academic text is not a narrative – it is an argument.
An academic text aims to be unemotional, detached and logical.
Whilst I can understand applying this to a TMA or ECA, this is surely not the required or desired approach in what is called a Blog? And for writing in a forum, should we reference everything? It doesn’t half interrupt the flow of ideas. If talking over coffee or a glass of wine would we cite references we knowingly made? The lines distinguishing the spoken word to text or TXT or blogging and messaging are blurred if not broken.
Manage Feelings 2.6 Northridge (1990:31)
Find ways of:
* building upon your enthusiasms
* avoiding sinking into despair
* making the topic interesting
* accepting specialist language
* accepting academic text styles
* constructing valid criticisms
My preferred approach to reaching:
* while travelling (trains, planes, ferries and yachts)
Though surely not
* in bed
* on the kitchen table in the middle of the night
* in the pub
* on holiday
(though this can be exactly what I do/have done)
* a room of my own
(married life, children and a modest home have left me with a cluttered shed or lock-up garage packed with the contents of our last house – we moved three years ago).
Approaches to Reading
Skim paragraph ahead, then read more slowly using the ‘mile stones’ to guide you.
Skimming – about the text
Reading – follow the argument
- It’s almost here (lifeandlearningsofascatterbrainstudent.wordpress.com)
- OU study shows graphic novel readers retain more information versus traditional textbook users (newsok.com)
- Olds Mooc (mymindbursts.com)
- CONF: The Classical Body (rogueclassicism.com)
- Future Learn (hethoughts.wordpress.com)
- Achieve your career goals in your own time (mirror.co.uk)